OER. Guide on Identifying and Countering Disinformation | EPALE
An official website of the European UnionAn official EU website
European Commission logo



OER. Guide on Identifying and Countering Disinformation

Handbook on Identifying and Countering Disinformation'—your key to navigating and neutralizing online misinformation effectively.


The Handbook on Identifying and Countering Disinformation is an OER developed within the context of the DOMINOES (Digital cOMpetences INformatiOn EcoSystem) project. DOMINOES is an Erasmus+ funded project whose main goal is to help citizens recognise, evaluate, and react appropriately to online disinformation and improve digital literacy.

A resource for developing digital competencies

The topics covered within the handbook are linked to a series of competencies found in the 2022 Digital Competence Framework for Citizens. Split into 6 chapters, it explores different aspects of the Competence Framework:

  • Emerging trends in disinformation
  • Aggravating factors for the dissemination of fake news
  • Mitigating factors for the dissemination of fake news
  • Legal framework for countering disinformation
  • Tech-driven solutions
  • Public policy analysis

Using case studies and best practice examples, the handbook outlines what disinformation is, how it operates, its impact, and what can be done to counter it. It also highlights the main challenges in the fight against disinformation and provides a foundation for developing the competencies listed in the Framework. Developed by a consortium of partners from Spain, Malta and Romania, the handbook focuses on national policy analysis for these three countries and European public policy analysis. This is therefore a vital resource in developing resilience against misinformation and digital competencies on a national and European scale. 

Themes addressed

Want to write a blog post ?

Don't hesitate to do so!
Click the link below and start posting a new article!

Latest Discussions

Profile picture for user n00a9bjz.
Aleksandra Marcinkowska
Community Contributor (Bronze Member).

Adult education - a great importance of today's world

Adult education and lifelong learning are of great importance in today's world for many reasons. Read and discuss.

Profile picture for user n00eecgz.
GIP FTLV de Bourgogne

Inclusive Learning Environments: Best Practices for Supporting SEN Students in VET

How do you deal with inclusive education challenges? Join the Erasmus forum discussion as we tackle key questions around effective strategies and best practices for supporting students with Special Educational Needs (SEN) in Vocational Education and Training (VET). How can we ensure every learner thrives? Share your experiences!

Profile picture for user Francesca Costero.
Francesca Costero
Community Collaborator (Silver Member).

UPDATE - Digital teaching and learning in VET

The aim of the UPDATE project (https://update-project.eu/ ) is to intervene in the digital ecosystem by building resilient and digitally skilled organisations

Drag to outliner or Upload